Blade Steel

VG-10 - Blade Steel

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Steel Composition

carbon 0.95 %
chromium 15.00 %
molybdenum 1.20 %
vanadium 0.20 %
cobalt 1.50 %
manganese 0.50 %

VG-10 is a popular high-end Japanese ‘super steel’ sought after by knife enthusiasts for its balance of properties. The steel manufacturers engineered VG-10 to offer excellent edge retention, high hardness, and decent toughness. Moreover, this steel has found popularity among chefs worldwide due to its high corrosion resistance, which makes it suitable for culinary knives.

Advantages of VG-10 as Knife Steel

The most striking benefit of VG-10 is its exceptional edge retention, attributed to its high carbon and chromium content. This makes VG-10 particularly suitable for knives that are frequently used. It also offers excellent corrosion resistance, key to its popularity for use in kitchen knives, as it can endure exposure to acidic food materials without rusting easily. Moreover, the inclusion of Vanadium in the steel's composition enhances VG-10's toughness.

The VG-10 steel is also appreciated for its ability to achieve a razor-sharp edge, proving to be a delight for users who value sharpness in their cutting tools.

Disadvantages of VG-10 for Knives

Despite its excellent qualities, VG-10 comes with a few downsides. Due to the high hardness, VG-10 is relatively difficult to sharpen, especially for beginners or those familiar only with softer steels. The steel might also be more susceptible to chipping under heavy use or impact, although it fares better than its counterparts in this aspect.

This blade steel also falls in the premium price range which may not be preferred by every user.

Steel Rating

Steels with good edge retention will stay sharp longer, reducing the need for frequent sharpening

Edge Retention

4/6 Points

Toughness is the steel's ability to absorb energy and deform without breaking


3/6 Points

Corrosion Resistance measures how well the steel can resist rust and oxidation

Corrosion Resistance

4/6 Points

Sharpenability refers to how easily a knife blade can be sharpened to its desired edge


4/6 Points

This is a relative measure based on typical market values. The actual price can vary widel


4/6 Points

A higher HRC number typically indicates a harder steel, which can hold a sharper edge


58 - 60 HRC
Please be aware that this rating should be understood as a comparative measure. It's simply a rough estimation in relation to other knife steels.

Is VG-10 Rust Resistant?

VG-10 contains a significant amount of Chromium which grants the steel excellent corrosion resistance. This characteristic, coupled with a small amount of Manganese and Cobalt, ensures that knives crafted from VG-10 are unlikely to rust or tarnish easily even under humid or moist conditions which makes them an ideal choice for kitchen and maritime use.

How Durable is VG-10?

VG-10 typically hits an HRC rating of 58 - 60, placing it on the higher end of the hardness scale for knife steels. This high hardness offers solid edge stability, allowing the knife to maintain a sharp edge for a prolonged period. Furthermore, despite its high hardness, VG-10 also manages a respectable level of toughness, enabling it to resist fracturing under stress better than most other high-hardness steels.


In the knife-making industry, VG-10 is renowned for its fine balance of properties. Its exceptional edge retention, combined with decent toughness and superior corrosion resistance, has made it a preferred choice among chefs and outdoor enthusiasts alike. With VG-10, you get a superb blade that will maintain its sharpness over time and perform beautifully, whether you're cooking in the kitchen or venturing in the wild.


In conclusion, VG-10 is a high-quality blade steel that offers a fascinating balance between hardness, edge retention, toughness and corrosion resistance. Whether you're a chef looking for a reliable kitchen knife or an adventurer seeking a durable companion for your outdoor exploits, a VG-10 knife promises an outstanding performance. While it may require a bit of skill to sharpen, and be pricier than other options, the quality and longevity it provides make it worth every penny!